50 protest songs from the history of pop. Of course it’s not a definitive list, there are some ‘classics’ in there but some curveballs too: for me the idea is that each song/track can open the door to a story, adding a key element to the history of protest rock’n’roll. If I wrote a lecture series about protest song, this is the soundtrack. It’s inspired by Rick Rogers, who runs a popular music course down in Falmouth (and in fact used to manage one of the acts who made the list) – he sent me a fascinating questionnaire about protest songwriting and my own political songs.
A protest song is a song that’s so specific you can’t mistake it for bullshit.
Here’s the complete tracklisting, with individual Spotify track links, if you just want to listen to one track.
01 Pete Seeger – What Did You Learn In School Today?
02 Billie Holiday – Strange Fruit
03 Josh White – Trouble
04 Paul Robeson – Joe Hill
05 Woody Guthrie – This Land is Your Land
06 Eddie Cochran – Summertime Blues
07 The Plastic Ono Band – Give Peace A Chance
08 Marvin Gaye – What’s Going On
09 Bob Marley & The Wailers – Redemption Song
10 Gil Scott-Heron – The Revolution Will Not Be Televised
11 Scott Walker – Next
12 Country Joe McDonald – I-Feel-Like-I’m-Fixin’-To-Die Rag [Live]
13 Stevie Wonder – You Haven’t Done Nothin’
14 Bob Dylan – Hurricane
15 Sex Pistols – God Save The Queen
16 Tom Robinson Band – Glad To Be Gay
17 The Specials – Ghost Town
18 Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five – The Message
19 Ian Dury – Spasticus Autisticus
20 Randy Newman – Short People
21 Merle Haggard – Okie From Muskogee
22 U2 – Sunday Bloody Sunday
23 Robert Wyatt – Shipbuilding – Remastered in 1998
24 Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band – Born In The U.S.A.
25 Paul Hardcastle – 19
26 Sting – They Dance Alone
27 Dick Gaughan – The World Turned Upside Down
28 The Proclaimers – Cap In Hand
29 Billy Bragg – Waiting For The Great Leap Forwards
30 Midnight Oil – Beds Are Burning
31 Boogie Down Productions – Stop The Violence
32 Public Enemy – Fight The Power
33 The Disposable Heroes Of Hiphoprisy – Television The Drug Of The Nation
34 Sonic Youth – Swimsuit Issue
35 June Tabor – All Our Trades Are Gone
36 Rage Against The Machine – Bullet In The Head
37 Ani Difranco – Lost Woman Song
38 Sinead O’Connor – Famine
39 Carter The Unstoppable Sex Machine – Bloodsport For All
40 Pulp – Common People – Full Length Version / Album Version
41 Radiohead – Electioneering
42 Black Eyed Peas – Where Is The Love?
43 Steve Earle – John Walker’s Blues
44 Toby Keith – Courtesy Of The Red, White And Blue (The Angry American)
45 Morrissey – Irish Blood, English Heart
46 Bright Eyes – When The President Talks To God
47 Bruce Springsteen & The Sessions Band – How Can A Poor Man Stand Such Times And Live
48 Dixie Chicks – Not Ready To Make Nice
49 M.I.A. – Paper Planes
50 John Trudell – Look At Us/Peltier Aim Song
The list isn’t completely chronological, though it does start with early 20th century American folk-protest and then moves forward in bursts. There are two separate traditions going on, which makes things a bit complicated: there is a musical tradition of folk-protest. Then there is the simple lyrical act of commenting on current affairs – which has nothing to do with any instrumental, melodic or arrangement tradition. There’s no way Radiohead‘s ‘Electioneering’ owes any musical debt to the folk-protest movement, yet the words are potent and could be re-worked into that tradition with no problem.
There are a few ‘non-left’ songs included, although it’s tricky to find decent right-wing protest songs that don’t just bolster the powers-that-be (which by definition means they’re not protest). I’ve droppped in Merle Haggard‘s anti-hippie, anti-progressive classic ‘Okie…’ and personally I think Morrissey‘s ‘Irish Blood, English Heart’ is a right-of-centre, rather than true outsider, rant.
Steve Earle‘s ‘John Walker’s Blues’, which empathises with American Taliban John Walker, is placed beside arguably the best-known fiercely right-wing protest song of recent years, Toby Keith‘s furious pro-Bush response to 9/11.
What’s missing? There are some things unavailable on Spotify that could’ve been useful; The Beatles‘ right-wing ‘Taxman’, some early 60s Dylan for example. I’ve left out Neil Young for now because his idiosyncratic journey through various issues and shifting positions is worth a playlist to itself, which I’ll do later. If I really did a lecture series on protest song, I’d probably do a whole lecture on Neil Young Making Up His Mind.
I also missed out a few for space that are still worth checking separately: Against Me!‘s sardonic ‘White People For Peace’ for example. I wish Ian Hunter‘s 90s album Rant was on Spotify – it’s as political a British right-winger has got I think. Underground leftist heroes (David Rovics, Evan Greer, Utah Phillips, Anne Feeney) write great songs, deeply embedded in the counter-culture. My friend Frank Turner has written easily the finest libertarian (anti-state, so I do think of it as ‘right-wing’) anthem of recent years; ‘Sons Of Liberty’ and its anthemic Levellers / NMA style fools many UK lefties, who think he’s one of theirs, partly because of his earlier tune ‘Thatcher Fucked The Kids’.
We deliberately end ‘out of period’ with John Trudell‘s extraordinary poem of American Indian despair because it is uniquely powerful – a voice from an earlier time and yet an unresolved horror. It is an emotional impact, rather than an intellectual end.
My (poet and drummer) friend Ben makes an interesting inclusion to the ‘protest’ genre, which I decided not to include here but is worth mentioning: that is music where the content is not political but the artist’s behaviour – or the context in which the music was performed – makes it political. His example is Benny Goodman‘s multi-racial band, performing jazz to an audience for whom this was completely shocking.